Doctorat du RP Muyo Hervé

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Ce 22 Mai 2015, le Révérend Père Hervé Muyo a soutenu sa thèse de doctorat en Résolution des conflits avec comme sujet “Conflict-Induced Displacement:  A Phenomenological Study of the Lived Experience of Congolese Refugees in Uganda”. C'était à la NOVA SOUTHEASTERN UNIVERSITY aux Etats Unis d'Amérique. En voici l'abstract:

A phenomenological study was undertaken to consider the essence of the lived experience of displacement as perceived by a group of ten Congolese refugees exiled in Uganda. Semi-structured individual interviews found displacement to be an experience of suffering from loss; primarily loss of home. Clearly, the “home” articulated in refugee narratives was an imagined home; imagined as the ideal place where security, love, connectedness, respect define life. In addition, Congolese refugees viewed displacement as an experience of suffering from separation, restless wandering and estrangement. Participants also reported that displacement had a negative impact on their lives. This study tied human needs theory with constructivism and framed the latter as both a driver (of conflict and flight), but also as the basis of reconstruction (needs satisfaction) that is made possible because the imagined “home” is a construct that can be reconstructed.
Data were collected by in-depth semi-structured face-to-face interviews and analyzed using the phenomenological model outlined by Giorgi (1997). This study addressed the following questions: (a) What is the essence of the lived experience of displacement?; (b) How does displacement affect the feelings and perceptions of the Congolese and their understandings of the loss of home?; and (c) What are the implications of displacement in the lives of the Congolese refugees? The findings of this study point to how some refugee services might be structured (i.e. giving people a sense of home is not necessarily keeping them in a state of suspended limbo with perpetual expectations of returning to their former home, but home can be reconstructed even in the refugee locations).

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